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Makop ransomware: remove virus and restore encrypted files

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Remove Makop ransomware
Find out what the distinguishing characteristics of the Makop ransomware are, how it spreads, and what methods may help remove it and mitigate the damage.
  1. What is the Makop ransomware?
  2. Makop ransomware automated removal and data recovery
  3. Makop ransomware manual removal and file recovery
  4. Ransomware Prevention Tips

What is the Makop ransomware?

Almost a decade after the ransomware plague broke out, it continues to keep both organizations and individual users on their toes. At some point in its evolution, this form of harmful code focused on the enterprise as the most-targeted victim category, but the strain called Makop departed from this vector. Having debuted in early 2020, it has been wreaking havoc among businesses and regular users alike. In an attempt to maximize their reach, its operators don’t mind taking extra efforts and orchestrate “spray-and-pray” distribution campaigns. This is one of the primary things making it stand out. When the original variant of this ransom Trojan encrypted a file, it concatenated the victim’s unique ID, the attackers’ email address, and the .makop extension to the filename. For instance, a sample file Spreadsheet.xlsx could be renamed to something like Spreadsheet.xlsx.[CF4EB4AF].[makop@tuta.io].makop.

Files encrypted by the original version of Makop ransomware
Files encrypted by the original version of Makop ransomware

Later on, the crooks in charge of Makop ransomware started adding more extensions to their repertoire. Aside from .makop, some of the most common ones are .wksgj, .moloch, .vassago, .zbw, .zes, .captcha, .carlos, .origami, .fireee, .tomas, .hidden, .shootlock, and .fair. The victim ID is an 8-character alphanumeric string, while in some scenarios it gets an additional letter with a hyphen (most often “-D” or “-W”). There are dozens of different email addresses used by the extortionists. A few recent ones are toddmhickey@outlook.com, jamiepenkaty@cock.li, vassago0213@airmail.cc, vassago_0213@tutanota.com, agares_helpdesk@tutanota.com, agares@airmail.cc, akzhq808@tutanota.com, and akzhq808@cock.li.

Threat details:
Name Makop ransomware
Threat Category File-encrypting ransomware
Extensions added to encrypted files .makop, .wksgj, .moloch, .vassago, .zbw, .zes, .captcha, .carlos, .origami, .fireee, .tomas, .hidden, .shootlock, .fair
Ransom note name readme-warning.txt
Symptoms Encrypts important files and drops a ransom note demanding $250 worth of bitcoin for decryption
Distribution techniques Malicious spam, cracked versions of popular apps
Severity High
Damage Data loss in case of non-payment
Removal Scan your PC with Combo Cleaner for Windows to detect all files related to Makop ransomware. Free scan determines if your system is infected. To get rid of the threat, you need to purchase the full version of the anti-malware tool:

To communicate with victims at an early stage of the raid, the Makop virus uses a ransom note that it drops onto the desktop and inside encrypted folders. It’s named readme-warning.txt. The document explains what happened and reassures the user that the file structure isn’t damaged and recovery is possible. To redeem data, the person is instructed to pay a ransom – it amounts to $250 worth of bitcoin in most cases. By sending a message to either one of two email addresses listed in this rescue note, the user gets detailed instructions in response. Newer Makop spin-offs provide a Tor website that automates payments and the process of downloading the criminals-made decryption tool. The felons also allow victims to get 2 files back for free, but with the caveat that these must contain no valuable information and not exceed 1 MB in size.

‘readme-warning.txt’ ransom note dropped by Makop virus
‘readme-warning.txt’ ransom note dropped by Makop virus

The Makop ransomware takes a classic route when it comes to distribution. It mainly hinges on spam to disseminate contagious email attachments (mainly Word documents) or sketchy links that lead to drive-by downloads. If a recipient opens an embedded file, it displays some unintelligible content and tells the user to enable macros to read the information. When turned on, a malicious VBA macro instantly downloads the modules required by Makop virus to execute the attack.

A catalyst for the massive propagation of this ransom Trojan is that it uses a Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) model. It is an affiliate approach that involves recruiting interested parties and providing them with customizable code, stats tracking dashboard, and spreading assistance. This also explains why the distribution techniques vary across the board. In addition to spam, some gangs are delivering the Makop payload through cracked versions of mainstream software and exploit kits. Unfortunately, a free decryptor for this ransomware has yet to be created. If there is no up-to-date data backup available, those infected have to either cooperate with the attackers or try alternative recovery methods. If the latter is your choice (hopefully it is), try the following steps.

Makop ransomware automated removal and data recovery

When faced with ransomware like Makop, one of the best shortcuts in terms of removal is to use Combo Cleaner, a lightweight and incredibly effective application with PC security and optimization features under the hood. It detects and thoroughly deletes threats while giving you insights into the overall health of your computer.

This program’s protection power spans modules that forestall all known types of malware, including ransomware and browser hijackers, and take your online security to the next level by blocking phishing sites and other suspicious web pages. Follow these simple steps to eliminate the infection for good:

1. Download Combo Cleaner installer.

Download Makop ransomware remover

Combo Cleaner scans your PC with no strings attached, but you’ll have to buy its fully functional version to remove the threats it detects. The disk optimization tools that find large files and duplicates are free to use.

Download and run Combo Cleaner installer on your PC

2. Open the CCSetup.exe file to get started. Several subsequent screens will allow you to make initial customizations so that the program works exactly as you need from the get-go.Setup customizations

3. The installation will be followed by an update of malware signatures. Once this process is through, click the Start Scan button in the left-hand sidebar.Start initial scan

4. Combo Cleaner will then check system locations that are most often polluted by Windows malware. The first scan can take a while to finish.Combo Cleaner scan in progress

5. Combo Cleaner will display a system tray notification as soon as the scan is over. Click the Resolve found threats button to view the results.Scan completed

6. The scan summary shows the names and types of the detected threats as well as their statuses and locations. Click the Remove all threats button and follow further on-screen prompts to get rid of these items.Scan results

Data recovery toolkit to the rescue

Some strains of ransomware are known to delete the original files after the encryption routine has been completed. As hostile as this activity appears, it can play into your hands. There are applications designed to revive the information that was obliterated because of malfunctioning hardware or due to accidental removal. The tool called Stellar Data Recovery features this type of a capability and therefore it can be applied in ransom attack scenarios to at least get the most important files back. So use the app to get an idea of what data can be restored and let it do the recovery job. Here is a step-by-step walkthrough:

1. Download and install Stellar Data Recovery.

Download Stellar Data Recovery

2. Open the application, select the types of recoverable files to look for, and click Next.Stellar Data Recovery main screen

3. Choose the areas you want the tool to recover from and click the Scan button.Select which PC areas to recover from

4. Having scanned the specified locations, the program will display a notification about the total amount of recoverable data. Close the dialog and click the Recover button. This will hopefully help you get some of your valuable files back.Recover files

Makop ransomware manual removal and file recovery

Some ransomware strains terminate themselves after completing the encryption job on a computer, but some don’t. Furthermore, the Makop virus may prevent victims from using popular antimalware tools in order to stay on board for as long as possible. Under the circumstances, it may be necessary to utilize the Safe Mode with Networking or System Restore functionality.

Remove Makop ransomware using Safe Mode with Networking

Remove Makop ransomware using Safe Mode with Networking

Get rid of Makop ransomware using System Restore

Get rid of Makop ransomware using System Restore

System Restore enables Windows users to roll back all changes made to the OS since the latest restore point creation time. This feature can help eliminate the most persistent ransomware. Before going this route, though, make sure System Restore had been enabled prior to the breach, otherwise the method will be inefficient.

  • Open Windows Advanced Options Menu as described in the previous section: hit F8 repeatedly when the PC is starting up. Use arrow keys to highlight the Safe Mode with Command Prompt entry. Hit Enter.Safe Mode with Command Prompt
  • In the Command Prompt window, type cd restore and hit Entercd restore command
  • Type rstrui.exe in the new command line and press EnterType rstrui.exe command
  • When the System Restore screen pops up, click Next, select a restore point that predates the contamination, and use the application’s controls to roll back the system to this earlier state.System Restore window
Be advised that even after the ransomware is removed, files will still be encrypted and inaccessible. The malicious code cleanup part, however, is important because it keeps a relapse of the infection from occurring further on and eliminates all opportunistic malware.

Ways of non-ransom recovery of files encrypted by Makop

Cracking the crypto used by this ransom Trojan is more of a science fiction thing rather than an attainable prospect for the masses. This is why the troubleshooting in predicaments of this sort is a matter of two approaches: one is to pay the ransom, which isn’t an option for many victims; and the other is to apply instruments that take advantage of the ransomware’s possible weaknesses. If the latter is your pick, the advice below is a must-try.

Backups can make your day

Backups can make your day

Not only are you a lucky person in case you’ve been backing up your most important files, but you’re also a wise and prudent user. This isn’t necessarily a resource-heavy activity these days – in fact, some providers of online services are allocating a sufficient size of cloud storage space for free so that every customer can easily upload their critical data without paying a penny. Having removed the Makop ransomware, therefore, all you have to do is download your stuff from the remote server or transfer it all from an external piece of hardware if that’s the case.

Restore previous versions of encrypted files

Restore previous versions of encrypted files

A positive upshot of using this technique depends on whether or not the ransomware has erased the Volume Shadow Copies of the files on your PC. This is a Windows feature that automatically makes and keeps the backups of data elements on the hard drive as long as System Restore is enabled. The cryptoware in question is programmed to switch off the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS), but it has reportedly failed to in some cases.

Checking one’s options regarding this workaround is doable in two ways: through the Properties menu of each file or by means of the remarkable open-source tool called Shadow Explorer. We recommend the software-based way because it’s automated, hence faster and easier. Just install the app and use its intuitive controls to get previous versions of the encrypted objects reinstated.

Shadow Explorer

Alternatively, you can leverage the Previous Versions feature, which is native to Windows operating system. This method is more cumbersome that the use of ShadowExplorer, but it can help restore the most important individual files on condition that the ransomware failed to disable the Volume Snapshot Service on the computer. Right-click on a file of choice and select Properties. Then, go to the Previous Versions tab as illustrated below.

Previous Versions

Go ahead and pick the file’s latest backup version on the list. Use the Copy or Restore buttons to reinstate this object to a new path or to its original folder, respectively.

Ransomware Prevention Tips

To avoid Makop ransomware and other file-encrypting infections in the future, follow several simple recommendations:

  • Toggle your email provider’s anti-spam settings to filter out all the potentially harmful incoming messages. Raising the bar beyond the default protection is an important countermeasure for ransom Trojans
  • Define specific file extension restrictions in your email system. Make sure that attachments with the following extensions are blacklisted: .js, .vbs, .docm, .hta, .exe, .cmd, .scr, and .bat. Also, treat ZIP archives in received messages with extreme caution
  • Rename the vssadmin.exe process so that ransomware is unable to obliterate all Shadow Volume Copies of your files in one shot
  • Keep your Firewall active at all times. It can prevent crypto ransomware from communicating with its C&C server. This way, the threat won’t be able to obtain cryptographic keys and lock your files
  • Back up your files regularly, at least the most important ones. This recommendation is self-explanatory. A ransomware attack isn’t an issue as long as you keep unaffected copies of your data in a safe place
  • Use an effective antimalware suite. There are security tools that identify ransomware-specific behavior and block the infection before it can do any harm.

These techniques are certainly not a cure-all, but they will add an extra layer of ransomware protection to your security setup.

Revise your security status

Post-factum assessment of the accuracy component in malware removal scenarios is a great habit that prevents the comeback of harmful code or replication of its unattended fractions. Make sure you are good to go by running an additional safety checkup. Another benefit of using the antimalware tool is that it will keep ransomware threats from intruding on your computer further on.

Download Makop ransomware removal tool

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