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CRBR Encryptor virus: remove and decrypt ransomware files

6 min read
The Cerber ransomware update history now includes an entry on CRBR Encryptor, the latest version that assumed new characteristics but isn’t a game changer.

As opposed to ransomware strands that sprinkle new iterations once or several times a week, the Cerber family is way more static. Perhaps that’s because it boasts quality stuffing, including the code proper and cryptography implementation. Indeed, why reinvent the wheel if it works and consistently brings this cybercriminal crew a pretty penny? And yet, some fine-tuning does occur in this particular layer of the online extortion ecosystem. The most recent update of the Cerber virus has brought about a few tweaks, some being inconspicuous to the naked eye and others constituting an outer impression of uniqueness. But first and foremost, there should be no ambiguity regarding this variant called CRBR Encryptor. It is not a standalone strain – instead, it is a slightly modified edition of the infamous Cerber.

CRBR ENCRYPTOR, new variant’s name mentioned on desktop wallpaper
CRBR ENCRYPTOR, new variant’s name mentioned on desktop wallpaper

So what’s new under the hood here? The warning background and ransom notes have changed in that the culprit’s name mentioned there is CRBR Encryptor. Secondly, the victim help manuals that show up on the desktop and inside folders are now named _R_E_A_D___T_H_I_S___[random]_.hta and _R_E_A_D___T_H_I_S___[random]_.txt. The random attributes are different for the HTA and TXT editions, but they invariably consist of 6 characters, for instance 2IZY5H. The way CRBR treats victims’ files has not changed. Having encrypted them, it replaces each filename with 10 random characters. Furthermore, it appends them all with a 4-character extension that’s uniquely assigned to the victim. Just like before, the ransomware retrieves this extension from the infected host’s MachineGuid value. Ultimately, an arbitrary file will be renamed to something like 0PbnO4M8zD.b49f. There is, obviously, no chance to work out which file it was before the attack.

_R_E_A_D___T_H_I_S___[random]_.hta/txt ransom notes by CRBR ENCRYPTOR
_R_E_A_D___T_H_I_S___[random]_.hta/txt ransom notes by CRBR ENCRYPTOR

The propagation of the refurbished CRBR Encryptor virus relies on several different mechanisms. One is the use of an exploit kit called MagnitudeEK. The gist of this vector revolves around malicious websites that leverage various software vulnerabilities to deploy the perpetrating code on visitors’ computers. This way, the ransomware is deposited onto a PC behind the user’s back, and the moment the person realizes they fell victim to the infection is when data has already been encrypted. Another entry point is more mundane – it’s spam. In particular, most of the rogue emails from this wave pretend to come from Microsoft Security Team. When the recipient opens the attached ZIP file, an obfuscated JavaScript component will instantly drop the harmful payload on the machine and run it.

In case the victim chooses to follow instructions provided in the above-mentioned _R_E_A_D___T_H_I_S___[random]_.hta/txt ransom notes, they end up on a Tor page titled Cerber Decryptor. It reads, “Your documents, photos, databases and other important files have been encrypted!” This portal informs the user of the ransom size, which is 0.5 Bitcoin. If it isn’t submitted in 5 days, the amount will increase two times and reach 1 Bitcoin. The victim can keep track of this deadline via a countdown script embedded in Cerber Decryptor site. All in all, the CRBR Encryptor version of Cerber ransomware is just as dangerous as its predecessors. The crypto is too strong to crack, so victims are confronted with a disconcerting choice between sending the ransom and trying forensic techniques to get their files back. One way or another, the latter approach is worthwhile as it will at least dot the i’s and cross the t’s on whether the ransom option is inevitable.

CRBR Encryptor ransomware automated removal and data recovery

When dealing with the CRBR Encryptor threat, you can get a lot of mileage out of the Malwarebytes automatic security tool that will pinpoint and iron out the infection in minutes. Malwarebytes is one of the big names in the anti-malware industry with an immaculate track record of protecting systems against all prevalent forms of harmful code.

The solution uses artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to detect both known and zero-day threats, including potentially unwanted programs (PUPs), ransomware, exploits, and malicious sites. It boasts low system footprint, high scanning speed, and intuitive interface where every module clearly explains what it does. Follow the steps below to come through the malware predicament unscathed:

1. Download and install the latest version of Malwarebytes onto your PC.

As part of this step, you will be prompted to specify where you are installing the program (personal or work computer) and toggle the advanced setup options if you so desire. You can use all the premium features for 14 days free of charge.

Download CRBR Encryptor virus remover

2. Once the application is up and running, go ahead and click on the Scan button in the bottom middle part of the GUI. Click the Scan button

3. Wait until Malwarebytes checks for updates of its proprietary Katana detection engine and scans the memory, startup items, registry, and file system for threats. Malwarebytes scan in progress

4. When the scan is completed, go over the report listing the infections that have been identified. Make sure there are checkmarks next to all the unwanted items and click on the Quarantine button as shown below. Malwarebytes scan results

5. You will be prompted to restart your computer to finish the removal process. Click Yes to do it immediately or close the dialog and restart later on. Restart to complete the removal process

6. As soon as the threats have been moved to Quarantine, they can no longer harm your computer. If you are sure that you won’t need to restore any of those items at a later point, click on the Detection History pane at the bottom left of the Malwarebytes home screen, select the Quarantined items tab, and click Delete. Delete quarantined items

Data recovery toolkit to the rescue

Some strains of ransomware are known to delete the original files after the encryption routine has been completed. As hostile as this activity appears, it can play into your hands. There are applications designed to revive the information that was obliterated because of malfunctioning hardware or due to accidental removal. The tool called Stellar Data Recovery features this type of a capability and therefore it can be applied in ransom attack scenarios to at least get the most important files back. So use the app to get an idea of what data can be restored and let it do the recovery job. Here is a step-by-step walkthrough:

  1. Download and install Stellar Data Recovery. Download Stellar Data Recovery
  2. Open the application, select the types of recoverable files to look for, and click Next.Stellar Data Recovery main screen
  3. Choose the areas you want the tool to recover from and click the Scan button.Select which PC areas to recover from
  4. Having scanned the specified locations, the program will display a notification about the total amount of recoverable data. Close the dialog and click the Recover button. This will hopefully help you get some of your valuable files back.Recover files

CRBR Encryptor ransomware manual removal and file recovery

Some ransomware strains terminate themselves after completing the encryption job on a computer, but some don’t. Furthermore, the CRBR Encryptor virus may prevent victims from using popular antimalware tools in order to stay on board for as long as possible. Under the circumstances, it may be necessary to utilize the Safe Mode with Networking or System Restore functionality.

Remove CRBR Encryptor ransomware using Safe Mode with Networking

Remove CRBR Encryptor ransomware using Safe Mode with Networking

Get rid of CRBR Encryptor ransomware using System Restore

Get rid of CRBR Encryptor ransomware using System Restore

System Restore enables Windows users to roll back all changes made to the OS since the latest restore point creation time. This feature can help eliminate the most persistent ransomware. Before going this route, though, make sure System Restore had been enabled prior to the breach, otherwise the method will be inefficient.

  • Open Windows Advanced Options Menu as described in the previous section: hit F8 repeatedly when the PC is starting up. Use arrow keys to highlight the Safe Mode with Command Prompt entry. Hit Enter.Safe Mode with Command Prompt
  • In the Command Prompt window, type cd restore and hit Entercd restore command
  • Type rstrui.exe in the new command line and press EnterType rstrui.exe command
  • When the System Restore screen pops up, click Next, select a restore point that predates the contamination, and use the application’s controls to roll back the system to this earlier state.System Restore window

Be advised that even after the ransomware is removed, files will still be encrypted and inaccessible. The malicious code cleanup part, however, is important because it keeps a relapse of the infection from occurring further on and eliminates all opportunistic malware.

Ways of non-ransom recovery of CRBR-encrypted files

Cracking the crypto used by this ransom Trojan is more of a science fiction thing rather than an attainable prospect for the masses. This is why the troubleshooting in predicaments of this sort is a matter of two approaches: one is to pay the ransom, which isn’t an option for many victims; and the other is to apply instruments that take advantage of the ransomware’s possible weaknesses. If the latter is your pick, the advice below is a must-try.

Backups can make your day

Backups can make your day

Not only are you a lucky person in case you’ve been backing up your most important files, but you’re also a wise and prudent user. This isn’t necessarily a resource-heavy activity these days – in fact, some providers of online services are allocating a sufficient size of cloud storage space for free so that every customer can easily upload their critical data without paying a penny. Having removed the CRBR Encryptor ransomware, therefore, all you have to do is download your stuff from the remote server or transfer it all from an external piece of hardware if that’s the case.

Restore previous versions of encrypted files

Restore previous versions of encrypted files

A positive upshot of using this technique depends on whether or not the ransomware has erased the Volume Shadow Copies of the files on your PC. This is a Windows feature that automatically makes and keeps the backups of data elements on the hard drive as long as System Restore is enabled. The cryptoware in question is programmed to switch off the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS), but it has reportedly failed to in some cases.

Checking one’s options regarding this workaround is doable in two ways: through the Properties menu of each file or by means of the remarkable open-source tool called Shadow Explorer. We recommend the software-based way because it’s automated, hence faster and easier. Just install the app and use its intuitive controls to get previous versions of the encrypted objects reinstated.

Shadow Explorer

Alternatively, you can leverage the Previous Versions feature, which is native to Windows operating system. This method is more cumbersome that the use of ShadowExplorer, but it can help restore the most important individual files on condition that the ransomware failed to disable the Volume Snapshot Service on the computer. Right-click on a file of choice and select Properties. Then, go to the Previous Versions tab as illustrated below.

Previous Versions

Go ahead and pick the file’s latest backup version on the list. Use the Copy or Restore buttons to reinstate this object to a new path or to its original folder, respectively.

Ransomware Prevention Tips

To avoid CRBR Encryptor ransomware and other file-encrypting infections in the future, follow several simple recommendations:

  • Toggle your email provider’s anti-spam settings to filter out all the potentially harmful incoming messages. Raising the bar beyond the default protection is an important countermeasure for ransom Trojans
  • Define specific file extension restrictions in your email system. Make sure that attachments with the following extensions are blacklisted: .js, .vbs, .docm, .hta, .exe, .cmd, .scr, and .bat. Also, treat ZIP archives in received messages with extreme caution
  • Rename the vssadmin.exe process so that ransomware is unable to obliterate all Shadow Volume Copies of your files in one shot
  • Keep your Firewall active at all times. It can prevent crypto ransomware from communicating with its C&C server. This way, the threat won’t be able to obtain cryptographic keys and lock your files
  • Back up your files regularly, at least the most important ones. This recommendation is self-explanatory. A ransomware attack isn’t an issue as long as you keep unaffected copies of your data in a safe place
  • Use an effective antimalware suite. There are security tools that identify ransomware-specific behavior and block the infection before it can do any harm.

These techniques are certainly not a cure-all, but they will add an extra layer of ransomware protection to your security setup.

Revise your security status

Post-factum assessment of the accuracy component in malware removal scenarios is a great habit that prevents the comeback of harmful code or replication of its unattended fractions. Make sure you are good to go by running an additional safety checkup. Another benefit of using the antimalware tool is that it will keep ransomware threats from intruding on your computer further on.

Download CRBR Encryptor ransomware removal tool

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